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What is Yoga?
Written by guy   
What is Yoga?
The word yoga can describe either a state of consciousness or an effort to attain that state. The state of consciousness is characterized by transcendental knowledge and bliss. Knowledge which transcends ignorance, suffering, sickness and the limitation of a personal perspective on life allows the practitioner to know the true Self and to understand with objectivity, anything brought before his perception.

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Ashtanga Yoga
Written by guy   
Ashtanga Yoga means eight step or eight "limb" yoga. These are described in Patanjali's Yoga Sutras.

The eight steps are divided into two parts - the first five are called external limbs, they are: Yama (suggestions for social behaviour: non-aggression, truthfulness, non-theft, appropriate sexual behaviour and non-greed), Niyama (suggestions for personal disciplines: self purification, contentment, self-discipline, self-study and surrender to the ideal of yoga), Asana (physical postures), Pranayama (breathing exercises) and Pratyahara (sense withdrawal).

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Samkhya
Written by guy   
Samkhya is important because the structure of reality which it describes, is used, with some slight variations by Patanjali in the Yoga Sutra. (in fact the categories of Samkhya are used almost universally in Hindu thought).

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